Text and text types

Text and text types 


Etymologically, text comes from a metaphorical use of the Latin verb textere 'weave', suggesting a sequence of sentences or utterances 'interwoven'  structurally and semantically. The definition refers also to a sequential collection of sentences or utterances which form a unity by reason of their linguistic COHESION and semantic COHERENCE. e.g. a scientific article; a recipe; poem; public lecture; etc.  However, it is possible for a text to consist of only one sentence or utterance or even one word, e.g. a notice or road-sign (Exit; Stop), which is semantically complete in itself, and pragmatically tied to a specific situation.

Text types

There are 4 major texts types: Informative, Persuasive, Informative and Argumentative.

Informative text purpose is to inform something to someone. A pieces of news or a science book are examples of informative texts. Facts and past events are the resourses used to exemplify and give information in this text type.


Persuasive text purpose is to persuade the reader. Advertisements and essays are examples of persuasive texts.Images, repetition and comparisons are some resourses used to persuade in a text.


Informative text is to inform or teach something to the reader. Recipes, manuals and tutorials are examples of informative texts. 



 Argumentative text is used to convince someone. Usually a debate is the most common example of argumentative text. Clear statements are compulsory for a good argumentative text.




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 Reflection:


I could learn in this unit what is a text. What are the most common tex types and their influence in our daily life. Also I learn how everyday we deal with some tex types without notice that we are dealing with that.
The topics covered in this unit will be very useful for our teachings and are very important in my learning processes as an English teaching student.